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Bates SM, Greer IA, Middeldorp S, Veenstra DL, Prabulos AM, Vandvik PO. VTE, thrombophilia, antithrombotic therapy, and pregnancy: Antithrombotic Therapy and Prevention of Thrombosis, 9th ed: American College of Chest Physicians Evidence-Based Clinical Practice Guidelines. Chest. 2012;141(2 Suppl):e691S–e736S.

Bates SM, Middeldorp S, Rodger M, James AH, Greer I. Guidance for the treatment and prevention of obstetric-associated venous thromboembolism. Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis. 2016;41:92-128. doi:10.1007/s11239-015-1309-0.

Heit JA, Kobbervig CE, James AH, Petterson TM, Bailey KR, Melton LJ III. Trends in the incidence of venous thromboembolism during pregnancy or postpartum: a 30-year population-based study. Annals of Internal Medicine 2005;143:697–706.

Heit JA, Spencer FA, White RH. The epidemiology of venous thromboembolism. Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis. 2016;41:3-14. doi:10.1007/s11239-015-1311-6.

James AH.  Pregnancy-associated thrombosis. Hematology, American Society of Hematology Education Program. 2009;2009:277-285. doi:10.1182/asheducation-2009.1.277.

The Mayo Clinic. Nutrition and healthy eating. Factors that influence water needs. Rochester, MN. Available at http://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/nutrition-and-healthy-eating/in-depth/water/art-20044256?pg=2.

Pomp ER, Lenselink AM, Rosendaal FR, Doggen CJ. Pregnancy, the postpartum period and prothrombotic defects: risk of venous thrombosis in the MEGA study. Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis. 2008;6:632–637.

James A; Committee on Practice Bulletins—Obstetrics. Practice bulletin no. 123: thromboembolism in pregnancy. Obstetrics and Gynecology. 2011;118:718–729.

The National Academies of Science, Engineering, and Medicine; Health and Medicine Division:  Dietary Reference Intakes: Water, Potassium, Sodium, Chloride, and Sulfate. Available at – https://www.nationalacademies.org/hmd/Reports/2004/Dietary-Reference-Intakes-Water-Potassium-Sodium-Chloride-and-Sulfate.aspx.  Accessed November 1, 2017.